Note: A Gnawa song. Gnawa brotherhoods are, for the most part, descended from enslaved West-Africans of the Bambara ethnic group brought to Morocco during the Sa’adian Dynasty (1554-1659). Gnawa music is traditionally performed as part of a spiritual healing ceremony (ar. lilah; night) which combines elements of Islamic Sufi as well as animist West African ritual (i.e. derdeba, or the rite of spirit possession). The entrances of different musical figures represent entrances of distinct spirits or “presences” (ar. muluk). Sudanese singers (editor's note- In Arabic tradition, bilad as-sudan 'lands of the black people' refers to West Africa and not to the modern nation in the Nile Valley), singing in Berber. Solo male playing 3-string guitar and 3 men playing la crakeb (sic).
Belongs to: Marrakech I 9/67 Rights:
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Archive ID: T2086R01
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