Note: Films of Samburu (part of Masai) people of Kenya. First film about circumcision of a girl. Takes place in hut not shown on film. Among Masai, men do it. Next, men dancing at boys' initiation as Morans (warriors entitled to carry spears). Alan Lomax: They go in throngs, touching. Pierre Gaisseau: Morans hold hands and are never alone. Masai meet seldom except for festivals, ceremony - 20 cows have been killed for the feast. They mix blood with milk. Head synchrony in dance is similar to Berbers. Footage of Morans fixing hair-dos. Men must marry in age group, except elders. Lomax: Best kind of shot shows whole body. (Next film) Turkana people in rainy season in Kenya near Lake Rudolph. High country, cold at night. People nomads. Camel milk, camels killed for ceremonies. Goats used only for skins. Other villages: Suk and Pokot in between Samburu and Masai. Whole villages dance. Footage of standing on one leg, counting cattle, excess will be slaughtered. Samburu weapons resemble Turkana. Dance movement slightly different (head and shoulder). Footage of graduation ceremony. Young men regret no longer warriors. Hair is shaved. They go into trance. Emotionality is prized, they cry and scream. Second part: Hungarian dances - csardas, men's group dances. "Pont" (dot) motif closes dances. Stick dances - men turn a stick, women dance under it, mostly a gypsy dance. Criteria for the age of the dances from written evidence. Alan Lomax: Is there such a thing as Hungarian dance? Bartienieff: From the beginning it has been a mixture, with many influences from surrounding countries. Slovaks claim the csardas| and they were there before arrival of Huns in 960. Kunshag, a style not a dance, occurs in the central plains and is not found elsewhere. Men dance in a hard rather stiff way. Recruiting dances of the Austro-Hungarian Empire are not ancient. Men danced and drank to a state of ecstasy to "persuade" youth to join up. Third part: description of film footage (in German). Origin of term "csardas." Fourth part: Discussion of difficulties of coding Choreometric variables. Coding degree of effort is the most difficult. Alan Lomax suggests six very brief illustrative films, depicting six effort qualities. African dance is polyrhythmic, i.e., there are several bodily centers. Movement is impulsive and spends itself quickly. Australians departmentalize their energy. The strange neutralization of whole body-- they move only forearm - has spiritual significance. Singing is frightening, deep growling that builds up in repetitive stages then drops. Description of Eskimo (Inuit) activities. Village of St. Pierre. Accent in use of effort, resilient quality in working and walking. Movement in eating is interlaced. Each takes a bite of fish and passes it on. These people spend much time in solitary activity| lonely hunters depend on each other. "Cooperative" is not a synonym for groupy.