Note: Discussion of origin of hyper-masculine voice with vocal rasp as result of closing larynx and storing air to protect chest from anticipated blows, and lack of attention to finer modulations. Lomax: Country people "enjoy a sunset palette" of vocal modulations. Demonstrates. Do vowel sounds have intrinsic emotional connotation? Constriction as symbolizing self-strangulation, swallowing of anger. Chinese bride sings, "I must swallow my tears." The sobbing voice. At end of training Japanese geisha brings up blood (pharyngeal veins close to surface). Moses: Sounds of sexual excitement progressively more nasal due to swelling of tissues. Marlene Dietrich had a touch of nasality. Lust produces tense, bird-like cries, release, relaxed moaning and groaning. Castrato has vocal diameter of a child, chest dynamics and breath-holding a man. Farinelli won a note-holding contest with a trumpet player. The remarkable breathing technique of Negro singers. Babies' primary sounds of pleasure symmetrical with distress, asymmetrical with hard attack. Sample of Bulgarian singer.