Note: Discussed in this part: the Genoa trallalleri - South Italian shepherd bagpipe and tambourine - Split between rustic and fine art music that goes back to classical art. Italian folk music defied musical notation: lullaby from Basilicata. Habit of improvising alive in central Italy. Work chants still sung in Italy not Spain. Olive pressing work chant. South Italy still keeps ancient custom of keening the dead, no longer practiced in rest of Europe, not even Ireland. Musical instruments -- violin little used - tambourine most popular. Cane flute.