Note: Another epic style by Ekaterina Savvinova (b. 1934), from the village of El'giai, Suntar ulus (district). Her glottal stroke is so strong it sounds like an ideophone. Recorded in Moscow when the singer, a milkmaid, came to perform with some folksingers from Yakutiia region in 1957. Transcription in: Alekseyev 1964, pp. 5-6; PFL, p. 192.
About the session: These Yakut songs were collected and given to Alan Lomax by Eduard Alexeev. They were originally recorded in Armenia, U.S.S.R., in 1962. Notes on tape: "Yakut sing only monody or unison in dance—never polyphonically—they sometimes sing with a two-tongued jaw's harp. The shamans have totally disappeared. The Yakut had a 3, 2, 1 stringed fiddle—not a traditional instrument— introduced by the Russian cultures—the one we saw was a yard long held against the belly."
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