Note: (In French.) Village is the social space. Many couples live together in long houses. Same words for "guest," "stranger," and "enemy." Need for allies in neighboring villages. Exchange of gifts must be absolutely equal. Witchcraft, thought to cause disease, is the principal cause of raids and ambushes (war). Important men are go-betweens with persuasive abilities and who have extensive and precise knowledge of rites (droit) of possession, which are transmitted in verse form. Such men can cite appropriate verses for situation, sing motifs related to current problems. Disputes take place while drinking; during the sacrifice of an ox (after the harvest). Collective work - hoeing, clearing brush, seeding - very important. No leader. No choral singing. One person sings, another person answers. There may be scarcity before the harvest, particularly if the previous year's harvest was poor. Then they must supplement diet with roots. There is a ritual setting the forest on fire. They usually eat sparingly but eat a lot at sacrificial feasts. Hospitality requires offering rice beer to guests. Important people are frequent guests and drink a lot of beer. Gong orchestras are always made up of six gongs, played at sacrifices. Biggest called the "mother." Gongs are purchased, not made. Shaman repairs the gongs. Other instruments: flutes and mouth organs.